What is dry hair?
Normal hair contains around 10-15% moisture at 70% relative humidity. A drop in this level of moisture leads to drying of hair. When hair is dry it tends to feel rough and unmanageable. Static is easily developed in the hair and it tends to break easily. Dry hair may also be more porous.
Dry hair could be your hair type or could have developed due to environmental conditions.
Dry hair is often the first sign of under-nourished hair, pointing to severe hair damage.
Use of wrong/harsh products also triggers of dryness of hair.
Excessive blow drying or frequent use of heat treatments could also leads to loss of hydration from hair.
Caring for your dry hair
Nourish – nourish – nourish. Dry hair needs extra nourishment.
Regular oiling is proven to have several benefits for dry hair.
Be careful about the products you use.
Most importantly, you need to make sure you are eating well, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep because your hair reflects your health.
What is damaged hair?
Damage to hair can occur in various ways either, due to loss of vital constituents like proteins & lipids, loss of cuticles, or in severe cases even breakdown of hair structure.
The visual signs of damage include loss of hair shine, split ends, lack of volume and lightness with a tendency to ‘fly away’. The tactile signs of damage include lack of softness and smoothness and such hair tends to break easily.
Causes of damaged hair are primarily rooted in the type of hair care practices that you follow. Environmental factors can also add to the damage.
Most common causes of hair damage are:
Combing hair excessively leads to weakening of hair
Combing of wet hair can fracture hair or give split ends
Harsh washing products can damage the cuticle and dissolve natural lipids
Frequent chemical treatments involving heat/coloring, etc. can cause cuticular damage
Caring for your damaged hair
Damaged hair needs extra care: Regular oiling is proven to have several benefits for dry hair.
Be gentle with your hair: Don’t comb it too aggressively; use a wide tooth comb on wet hair.
Avoid usage of hot hair blowers or chemical treatments as much as you can.
Generally, hair damage starts at the ends of the hair, so it’s advisable to trim your hair regularly.
What is dandruff?
Dandruff is an extremely common scalp condition affecting close to 50% of the world’s population. It is characterized by fine, loosely adherent white or gray flakes that occur either diffusely or in localized patches on the hair-bearing portions of the scalp. It is often confused with dry scalp flaking.
Fungal infection: Fungus is present on the scalp, but at certain times of stress or excessive sebum production, it tends to multiply and cause more flaking. This leads to itchy, dry and occasionally even sticky dandruff.
Care for dandruff
Ensure hair is clean and regularly washed with a mild anti-dandruff shampoo. Coconut based hair oil is known to have anti-inflammatory and moisturizing properties. Hence oiling with coconut based hair oils may help reduce the symptoms of dandruff.
In case of serious infections, special anti-dandruff treatments may be required, as recommended by a doctor.
What is hair fall?
Technically ‘hair fall’ refers to a case wherein hair falls from the root, whereas hair breakage is when a strand breaks off due to any physical interaction.
Hair fall can be technically classified as shedding hair fall, which is the most common form of hair loss, growing hair loss which is rare and seen in people undergoing cancer chemotherapy, hair thinning or hereditary hair loss, and hair loss due to pulling which is the most rare.
There can be several precipitating causes for both hair fall and hair breakage, primary among them being:
Stress, diet changes, medical condition/medications, hormonal changes (for eg. pregnancy), harsh/chemical products usage, combing entangled hair, hard toweling and tying up hair too tightly. Inadequate nourishment, environmental damage & pollution also affect hair strength and health
Care for hair fall
To reduce hair breakage, start by minimizing the ‘torture on hair’ – tie it loosely, use products that are mild and suit your hair, reduce frequency of heat treatments, etc.
Nourish your hair regularly with the use of special products like Parachute Gold Anti Hair Fall Oil. In case of severe hair fall/balding, it’s advisable to consult a dermatologist. Regular oiling ensures that hair is well moisturized which makes combing easy. As a result of this, hair breakage reduces as well.
Good nutrition with a diet high in protein, vitamins and omega 3 is important to tackle hair loss as well.